Mosquitoes are one of the most important insect’s world health. Mosquitoes are included in Arthropod phyla, Diptera, family Culicidae, with three sub-families namely Toxorhynchitinae (Toxorhynchites), Culicinae (Aedes, Culex, Mansonia, Armigers,) and Anophelinae (Anopheles). Mosquitoes are one of the most common animals we encounter anywhere. Mosquitoes survive by sucking human or animal blood. Although the body is small, mosquito bites can cause quite a bit of pain and there are some types of mosquitoes that are dangerous if around us. In addition, certain types of mosquito bites can also cause severe diseases such as dengue fever, malaria and so forth. Every animal has a certain life cycle, usually small animals such as insects and caterpillars have a different life cycle than other animals. Usually the life cycle of a mini life of life cycle, in which there are changes in the form of morphology. The life cycle will occur gradually and will continue to recur. Then how is the life cycle of mosquitoes Here below you will get more information about life cycle of mosquitoes.
Life Cycle of Mosquitoes
Mosquitoes also have a life cycle similar to other small animals. In the life cycle there is a change in shape called metamorphosis. The process of metamorphosis is due to cell growth and cell differentiation radically different.
- Eggs: The life cycle of mosquitoes is very easy to recognize, in each case the mosquito has its own characteristics. Particularly seen from the shape of his body, each phase has a different shape. The first phase of the mosquito life cycle is the egg phase. Mosquitoes usually lay their eggs in clean, open water. The mosquito eggs will float on the surface of the water. Eggs usually cling to groups or stand alone. Most eggs will hatch into larvae after 48 hours.
- Larvae: The second phase in the life cycle of mosquitoes is larvae. The larva has a habitat in the water, but if in time it will rise to the surface of the water to take a breather. Some types of mosquito larvae stick to plants to take oxygen. The mosquito larvae will strip off the skin 4 times. Each thing happens, the larvae will grow larger. Mosquito larvae foods are small microorganisms present in the water. When it has gone through about 4 times the skin change, the larvae will turn into pupa.
- After entering the larval phase, the next phase of the mosquito life cycle is the pupa phase. This phase is the resting phase of the mosquito life cycle. In this phase pupa mosquitoes do not need food at all. Pupa in the Indonesian language is also called a cocoon. Apparently in this phase, pupa not just stay in place. It will move in the direction of the light source. It moves by using its tail to protect the lower part of the light source. The pupa phase in mosquitoes is very similar to the process of metamorphosis in butterflies. In the Culex mosquito species found in many southern American continents, the cocoon phase lasts for 2 days when it enters the summer.
- After entering the pupa or cocoon phase, the next phase is the adult mosquito. When the growth of the mosquito inside the cocoon is complete, then the mosquito will come out of the cocoon and enter the phase of the adult mosquito. Adult temporary shelves will be on the surface of the water to dry the body and strengthen newly formed body parts. The mosquito wings will widen and dry before they can start flying. At the beginning of this phase, mosquitoes do not need blood to eat.
Mosquitoes are cold-blooded creatures, so they rely on external temperatures to keep them active. When the temperature drops below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, they will look for hiding holes to relax until the weather improves. Mosquitoes have a very short life span. Especially the males, they live only about 10 days. Unlike women who can live up to eight weeks and lay eggs every three days.