Desert termites are subterranean termites which live in the plants of a desert environment such as cacti. Desert states like Arizona and Texas typically have problems with desert termites the most because a lot of structures and buildings are built in these environments. All it takes is for a building to sit next to a cactus with desert termites underneath it for there to be an infestation problem. If the buildings are made of timber material then they are a prime target for termites. Even the utility poles of a desert have termite problems because they are made of timber as well. This is why you may see bite markings or chipped-looking wood if you come across these poles on a desert road somewhere.
Desert termites actually pose a greater threat to your home than normal termites because they are smaller and can fit through very tiny cracks. That is why you need to make sure you have no tiny cracks in any part of your home. Aside from that, you should lay out termite bait on the ground near any doors or windows of your home. But these are only temporary solutions to prevent an infestation. What you need to do to ultimately destroy the desert termites is to locate their colonies. Fortunately, it is not too hard to find where their colonies are located. Desert termites survive by feeding on dead plants that exist in the desert. Since there are traditionally no wooden structures in the desert, feeding off decomposed plants is the only way they can survive. So if you notice an infestation of termites in your home then search the living or dead vegetation around your home for traces of termites. Once you locate these areas, apply termiticide or termite bait around the vegetation. This will ultimately kill the termites and destroy the queen.
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Controlling desert termites is not like controlling ordinary termites. There is no specific type of termiticide that will kill them. The best way to stop them is to prevent them from colonizing any plants or wooded areas. So as a safety precaution, remove any woody plants or undesirable weeds from around your yard. This will limit the amount of cellulose they have to feed on the outside. Then to enhance the protection of your home, have a pest control technician come and create a protective barrier around your home that will prevent termites from getting to its structure.